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DEFINITE ARTICLES

  The definite article introduces the noun it precedes and it agrees with it in gender and number. The English equivalent is the:   La, Las – singular and plural femenine forms El, los – singular and plural masculine forms   WHEN ARE DEFINITE ARTICLES USED IN SPANISH? We can note that definite article is […]

The definite article introduces the noun it precedes and it agrees with it in gender and number. The English equivalent is the :

La, Las – singular and plural femenine forms

El, los – singular and plural masculine forms

WHEN ARE DEFINITE ARTICLES USED IN SPANISH?

We can note that definite article is used in Spanish in quite few situations but not in English.

Las mujeres cantan                                    Women sing

Use definite articles in Spanish:

  • With nouns used in general sense:

La comida española es buena                   Spanish cuis ine is good

  • With days of the week:

El martes tenemos un examen     On Tuesday, we have an exam

  • With names of languages, except after hablar:

El aléman no es lengua romance German is not Romance language

No hablo alemás                              I do not speak German

  • With parts of the body, items of personal hygiene and clothing:

Me duele la muela                my tooth  hurts

  • To tell time:

Es la una                    It is one o´clock

  • With names and titles:

El director cerrará la sesión            The director will close the session

  • With weights and measurements:

Dame una docena de huevos                     Give me a dozen eggs

  • Nouns of specific people and things:

Vi el programa que me recomendaste      I saw the program you recommended

  • Nouns that refer to geographic places:

El Amazonas está en Suramérica  The Amazon River is in South America

  • With an infinitive working as a noun (-ing ending in English):

Dormir mucho no es bueno                       Sleeping a lot is not good

LO, THE NEUTER ARTICLE

Spanish has a third “gender”: the neuter . This form is invariable. It is used:

  • Use lo + an adejective yo communicatea quality or an abstract idea

Siempre ves lo malo de las cosas You always see the b ad side of things

  • Use lo + adjective or adverb + que to underscore the quality expressed

Veo lo rápido que trabajas              I see how quickly you work

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