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PLURAL OF NOUNS

  The plural of nouns is formed by adding the plural endings –s or –es. A definite article, los before masculine nouns and las before feminine nouns indicates the plural. Nouns that end in a vowel add –s: El café/los cafés      coffe El vino/los vinos     wine La casa/las casas    house La niña/las niñas    girl Nouns […]

The plural of nouns is formed by adding the plural endings –s or –es . A definite article, los before masculine nouns and las before feminine nouns indicates the plural.

  • Nouns that end in a vowel add –s:

El café/los cafés      coffe

El vino/los vinos     wine

La casa/las casas    house

La niña/las niñas    girl

  • Nouns that end in a consonant, add –es:

El papel/los papeles                       paper 

El reloj/los relojes                         clock

Some spelling changes :

  • Singular nouns ending in –z change to –ces in the plural

El lápiz/los  lápices             pencil

La matriz/las matrices      matrix

  • Nouns ending in –í and –ú add –s or –es and keep the accent mark in the plural:

El rubí/los rubís/los rubíes                    ruby 

El tabú/los tabús/los tabúes                    taboo

  • Nouns with accent marks on the last syllable lose the accent mark in the plural:

El camión/los ca miones               truck

El león/los leones                           lion

EXCEPTIONS TO THE RULES IN PLURAL FORMS

  • Nouns that end in –s do not change if the final syllable is not stressed:

El miércoles/los miércoles             Wednesd ay

La tesis/las tesis                               thesis

  • For compound words add the plural ending to the firs element only:

El coche cama/los coches cama   sleeping  car

  • Some nouns are always plural in Spanish:

Las gafas       eyeglasses                 las vacaciones          vacation

Las tijeras      scissors                     los gemelos              twins/cuff links

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