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PRESENT TENSE REGULAR VERBS

    To conjugate a verb in the present tense (or any other tense), you will need the root of a verb and the particular ending. You will find the root of the verb in the infinitive form. Infinitives in Spanish can be recognized by one of three endings: -ar, -er or –ir, attached to […]

To conjugate a verb in the present tense (or any other tense), you will need the root of a verb and the particular ending. You will find the root of the verb in the infinitive form. Infinitives in Spanish can be recognized by one of three endings: -ar, -er or –ir , attached to the root of the verb, like: habla-ar, beb-er, sal-ir .

To conjugate a verb in Spanish drop the –ar, -er, -ir ending and replace it with the present tense ending that correspond to the subject doing the action (FYI. Subject pronouns in Spanish can be omitted).

The following table shows the endings used inthe present tense in the three categories, -ar, -er, -ir .

Comprar (to buy)Aprender (to learn)Recibir (to receive)
SingularPluralSingularPluralSingularPlural
Compr o (I)Compr amos (we)Aprend o (I)Aprend emos (we)Recib o (I)Recib imos (we)
Compr as (you)Compr áis (you)Aprend es (you)Aprend éis (you)Recib es (you)Recib ís (you)
Compr a (he,she, it)Compr an (they)Aprend e (he,she, it)Aprend en (they)Recib e (he,she, it)Recib en (they)

Note the subject pronouns in Spanish: 

Yo compro – I buy

 compras – You buy

Él compra – He buys

Ella compra – She buys

Usted compra – You (formal singular) buy

Nosotros/as compramos – We buy

Vosotros/as compráis – You buy

Ellos/as compran – They buy

Ustedes compran – You (formal plural) buy

Remember that:

  • The first person singular yo , has the same ending in all three conjugations (-ar, -er , -ir)
  • In the –er and –ir verbs all three third person singular forms have the same ending.
  • The subject pronouns are usually omitted in Spanish since verb endings inform about the subject.

Now that you can conjuga te verbs in present tense practice with this list of commonly used regular verbs:

-ar-er-ir
Comprar – to buyBeber – to drinkAbrir – to open
Conversar – to talkComer – to eatCompartir – to share
Dibujar – to drawComprender – to understandDecidir – to decide
Escuchar – to listenCorrer – to runDiscutir – to discuss
Trabajar – to workCreer – to believeEscribir – to write
Limpiar – to cleanLeer – to readSubir – to climb, to go up
Cocinar – to cookVender – to answerVivir – to live

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