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WHEN IS THE PRESENT TENSE USED IN SPANISH?

      To describe an action happening now (-ing form in english): Luis llega a la puerta – Luis is arriving at the gate Ahora veo a Ana – Now I see Ana.   To express actions that take place regularly: Normalmente compro frutas en el supermercado – Usually, I buy fruit at the […]

To describe an action happening now (-ing form in english):

Luis llega a la puerta – Luis is arriving at the gate

Ahora veo a Ana – Now I see Ana.

To express actions that take place regularly:

Normalmente compro frutas en el supermercado – Usually, I buy fruit at the supermarket.

To describe events that will take place in the near future:

Mañana viajo a Alemania – I will travel to Germany tomorrow

To ask questions, requesting permission or someone´s opinion:

¿Abro la puerta? – Shall I open the door?

¿Compramos la casa? – Do we buy the house?

Sometimes the context or the words indicating time can help. The following are expressions commonly used in the present:

Vocabulario   
Al mediodíaAt noonNuncanever
De vez en cuandoFrom time to timePor la mañanaIn the morning
El lunes, el martes, …On Monday, on Tuesday, …Por la nocheIn the evening or at night
Esta semanaThis weekPor la tardeIn the afternoon
Este mesThis monthSiemprealways
HoytodayTodos los díasEveryday

OTHER USES OF THE PRESENT TENSE

To tell facts considered universal truths.

Cinco más quince son veinte – Five plus fifteen is twenty

To describe a past event called historical present.

En 1969 el primer hombre llega a la Luna – The first man gets to the moon in 1969

To express hypothetical actions introduced by si .

Si llega el tren, salimos – If the train arrives, we leave.

To express actions that began in the past and continue inthe present with the construction: hace +expression of time+ que +present verb

Hace tres años que esperamos una respuesta – We have been waiting for an answer for three years.

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