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IRREGULAR VERBS IN THE PRESENT TENSE II

 OTHER FREQUENTLY USED VERBS WITH IRREGULAR FORMS: Decir (to say) Ir (to go) Oír (to hear) Digo Decimos Voy Vamos Oigo Oímos Dices Decís Vas Vais Oyes Oís dice dicen Va van oye oyen   Ser (to be) Tener (to have) Venir (to come) Soy Somos Tengo Tenemos Vengo Venimos Eres Sois Tienes […]

OTHER FREQUENTLY USED VERBS WITH IRREGULAR FORMS

Decir (to say)Ir (to go)Oír (to hear)
DigoDecimosVoyVamosOigoOímos
DicesDecísVasVaisOyesOís
dicedicenVavanoyeoyen
Ser (to be)Tener (to have)Venir (to come)
SoySomosTengoTenemosVengoVenimos
EresSoisTienesTenéisVienesVenís
Essontienetienenvienevienen

Note that haber is also irregular. One meaning of haber is to have , however in the present as in other tenses haber is more frequently used as an impersonal verb in the third-person singular form as hay . It means there is and there are.

Hay thes sillas en la sala – There are three chairs in the living room

Hay una posibilidad solamente – There is only one possibility

DAR, HABER, HACER AND TENER IN EXPRESSIONS WITH A SPECIAL MEANING

These irregular verbs appear frequently in idiomatic expressions, many of them are formed with the structure: verb + infinitive, also called perífrasis verbales in Spanish.

See some examples:

Dar un abrazo – to hug, to embrace

Le da un abrazo a su amigo       He hugs his friend

Dar gritos – to shout

La multitud da gritos        the crowd screams

Dar la hora – to strike the hour

El reloj da la una   The clock strikes one

Haber:

Hay que + infinitive – to be necessary (to express obligation)

Hay que estudiar para aprender           It is necessary to study in order to learn

Haber sol – to be sunny

Hay sol por la mañana     It is sunny in the morning

Haber neblina – to be foggy

Hay neblina esta mañana          It is foggy this morning

Hacer in expressions that refer to weather conditions:

Hacer calor , hacer fresco – to be hot, to be cool

Hace fresco , no hace calor       It is cool; it is not hot

Hacer viento – to be windy

Hace viento             It is windy

Hacer un viaje – to take a trip

Lina hace un viaje a las Bahamas      Lina takes a trip to the Bahamas

Hacer in other expressions:

Hacer una  visita – to pay a visit

Marcus hace una visita a su tío           Marcus visits his uncle

Hacer daño – to harm, damage

Beber mucho agua no te hace daño   Drinking a lot of water does not harm you

Hacer caso – to notice, pay attention

Los niños no hacen caso al maestro The children do not pay attention to the teacher

Hacer el papel de – to play the role of

El actor hace el papel de Hamlet          The actor play the role of Hamlet

Tener to express obligation with the form tener + que + infinitive:

Tenemos que salir            We must leave

Tener:

Tener frío – to be cold

Tengo frío    I am cold

Tener hambre – to be hungry

¿Tienes hambre? Are you hungry?

Tener miedo – to be afraid

Tengo miedo de las serpientes            I am afraid of snakes

Tener razón – to be right

Yo tengo razón       I am right

Tener sed – to be thirsty

¿tienes sed?                       Are you thisrty

Tener prisa – to be in a hurry

Mi esposo tiene prisa      My husband is in a hurry

Tener la culpa – to be to blame

El sospechoso tiene la culpa del accidente             The suspect is to blame for the accident

Tener lugar – to take place

La reunión tiene lugar ahora    The meeting takes place now

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